Wedding by abduction soars in Bihar, over 3,000 grooms tied up knot at gunpoint in 2016

March 26, 2020
CWS Indore

Wedding by abduction soars in Bihar, over 3,000 grooms tied up knot at gunpoint in 2016

The amounts of marriage by abduction, the tradition is easy: zero-in for a groom that is prospective kidnap him and then make him connect the nuptial knot at gunpoint, are growing.


  • Abduction by marriage is absolutely absolutely nothing uncommon in Bihar.

Might 25 ended up being supposed to be a memorable time for Julie, a 19-year-old woman in Bihar’s Muzaffarpur district, 70 km north of this state money Patna. She has been visited by a for makeup and Julie ended up being sparkling inside her bridal attire.

Her home ended up being all decked up, the pandit (priest) ended up being here to chant sacred mantra and Abhinay Kumar, a 22-year-old youth she would be to connect the nuptial knot, ended up being prepared, though under duress. But, simply if the wedding mantras had been over, the authorities arrived; looking for the kidnapped groom after their moms and dads registered situation for this impact. But as always, the cops arrived belated, and also by the time the wedding had been over.

They nevertheless desired to save the groom nevertheless the bride along with her household – supported with family relations and villagers – put up a challenging fight, forcing the cops to beat a hasty retreat. The cops returned hour later on, angrier than before; as well as in greater quantity. They swung such ferocity to their batons so it left almost two dozen both women and men, including Julie hurt.

Now, per week later on, with accidents all over her human body, julie continues to be struggling to walk right. The Muzaffarpur superintendent that is senior of Vivek Kumar has suspended Gayghat authorities place in-charge Rajesh Choudhary, keeping him accountable for excesses. The sole outcome that is positive Julie when you look at the whole drama had been that her husband who was simply reluctant to marry her initially begun to empathise, seeing her writhing in pain.

“We have accepted her as my partner. Whatever distinction there clearly was between our families, it will probably conquer briefly. Time will heal every thing, ” he claims.


Feels like a way that is unusual get hitched? In Julie and Abhinay’s Bihar what exactly is strange just isn’t the manner where the few wandered down the aisle, however the authorities action that then followed. Interestingly, this is certainly absolutely absolutely nothing uncommon in Bihar while the state witnesses around 3,000 couples getting hitched when you look at the style that is same virtually every year. Statistics comes down to nine such marriages a time.

Referred to hot brazilian brides as Pakadwa Vivah (wedding by abduction), the tradition is easy: zero-in on a potential groom, kidnap him making him connect the nuptial knot at gunpoint. Plus the true figures have been growing. Bihar witnessed 3,075 kidnapping for wedding in 2016. It absolutely was 3,001 in 2015 and 2,533 in 2014. And a lot of these marriages survive.

Abduction for marriage seemingly have remained unabated in 2017 too. In accordance with numbers available using the authorities, Bihar currently has reported 830 kidnappings for wedding by March in 2010. Having said that, just eight situations of kidnappings for ransom – which Bihar ended up being as soon as infamous for – have already been registered during this time period.

Plainly, abduction for wedding is virtually like a proven, appropriate trend in Bihar. The NCRB Crime in Asia Report, 2015 report – that is the newest formal figure available at current – additionally verifies that while Bihar is far below other States in terms of abduction of guys below 18 years, it appears towards the top in the united states regarding abductions of above 18-year-old males. In reality, the true wide range of abducted men from Bihar within the 18 to 30 age-group category ended up being 1,096 in 2015. Their state alone taken into account almost 17 percent associated with the figure that is national the category.

“The abduction of guys for wedding is really a consequence that is direct of evils like dowry. It really is a rearguard action through the bride’s family members, which finds it self under great product load while organizing the wedding. In a society that is traditionally patriarchal Bihar, marriages have grown to be a money-minting enterprise for the child’s moms and dads. Therefore, families without wherewithal to prepare a significant dowry turn to hopeless measures like abducting the right bridegroom due to their child’s marriage, ” claims Ashok Priyadarshi, an instructor in Nawada, an area infamous for such marriages.


Though unlawful, dowry can be a unavoidable conventional wedding training in which the groom’s family members demands enormous amounts of cash and products through the bride’s household as an ailment for permitting their son marry her.

Families turn to snatch males – usually young men- since it is easier than approaching child’s families and cheaper than spending the conventional “dowry, ” which can be in lakhs plus an automobile.

Kamta Singh, Chairman of a main farming credit culture in Rampur, Navada stated that very nearly 90 per cent marriages within the town have already been solemnised by kidnapping a bridegroom. A number that is good of are kidnapped and hitched down during matriculation and intermediate exams once they go to the assessment centers. In March, a 17-year-old boy ended up being kidnapped from Patna and hitched down up to a 15-year-old woman soon after he reached the town by having a relative who was simply appearing for matriculation assessment. The child, a course XII pupil, ended up being whisked away by four males on two bikes after smothering him unconscious with a cloth that is chloroformed. The boy regained his senses, he was inside a house with lots of people around, who told him that he was now married by the time. Their garments too had been changed into bridal attire.

Families usually utilize buddies and family relations, and on occasion even employ professional crooks, to carryout abductions for marriages. In-may 2009, crooks assigned to kidnap Lalbabu that is 16-year-old for, exposed fire in Gaya to terrorise a team of pupils, who had been using the target as he arrived on the scene from a coaching Centre.

Lalbabu’s buddy Praveen received a gunshot and succumbed to their accidents. A shocked Lalbabu had been abducted because of the crooks to a temple in Jehanabad region where he had been forced to marry a girl that is 13-year-old underneath the shadow of the weapon. The wedding, nevertheless, dropped apart using the authorities registering murder situations up against the bride’s daddy and sibling.


Also protection personnel on their own may be kidnapped because of the crooks. When, the bodyguard of the Bihar Cadre IPS officer Shivdeep W Lande, now on deputation to Maharashtra, ended up being kidnapped as he ended up being published in Jamalpur. Nevertheless the kidnappers set him free after realising that they are able to ask a police backlash.

When a kid is taken and kidnapped up to a bride’s house, their future in-laws make an effort to soothe him straight straight straight down by placing a marriage headgear onto their mind. The embroidered headgear, known as a Mauri, is just a symbol of their submissive acceptance. Numerous battle fiercely, but every kidnapped child fundamentally relents under duress. The villagers extend support to the girl’s family in almost all such cases. The ceremony is videographed so the tapes may be used as evidence later on.

In reality, also priests of town temples – where marriages are solemnised, like within the situation of Lalbabu – cooperate aided by the girl’s family and issue a certificate of wedding. Obviously, the approval from society to marriages that are such emboldened the families to use the legislation in their fingers.

The training has theoretically been unlawful for many years, nevertheless the statutory legislation hardly ever happens to be enforced. Brutal while the custom is, its commonly regarded as practical.


“a lot of people do not care it really is unlawful since there is a really high likelihood of reconciliation. The child’s household frets and fumes following the wedding but simply to raise a dowry need. Guaranteed that the kid happens to be theirs, your ex’s parent may also be happy to settle things by providing one-fourth associated with dowry that is usual they might have experienced to provide had the child maybe not been hitched, ” said Hetukar Jha a retired sociology teacher at Patna University.

Rajiv Narayan of Nawada in Bihar is amongst the many men that are such has place the past behind and accepted their wife, with whom he had been forcefully hitched in 1976. Rajiv was tricked to go to Badhaiya in Lakhisarai region where he had been hitched under duress as he ended up being simply 14.

He had been hitched to Madhuri Devi, who had been just 12. Their loved ones permitted the 2 to accomplish their studies ahead of the two had been formally built to live together. Today Rajiv is required as being a meter audience with Bihar Electricity Board while Madhuri is college instructor at Nawada.

Rajiv’s younger sibling Ashok (40 12 months), legal counsel, ended up being hitched during the chronilogical age of 13 in a comparable fashion with Annu of Pakribaswan town. The brother Dhannjay that is youngest ended up being additionally abducted and hitched to Sunita of Bighawa town in 2002. Dhananjay, 25, now operates a pc hardware store.

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